Wednesday, November 4, 2020

Simple Complex Compound Sentences

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Simple Complex Compound A Complete Guide
Simple Complex Compound A Complete Guide 

Simple sentence

Rule - 1

A simple sentence consists of a main clause with one subject and a predicate.

 

For example

Ramu             went to the market to buy fruits.

Subject                     Predicate

("Ramu" is subject, "went to the market to buy fruits" is predicate.)

Junaid            is a good boy.

 Subject                    Predicate

("Junaid" is subject, "is a good boy" is predicate.)

 

Rule - 2

A simple sentence consists of a main clause and a phrase. The phrases are like "in spite of, in case of, because of, despite" etc.,

For example

In spite of hard working,              my sister did not get a good job.

            Phrase                                               Main Clause

On account of holiday,     I went to Vijayawada.

            Phrase                                               Main Clause

 

Complex Sentence

A complex sentence consists of one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses joined by subordinate conjunctions. (though, although, since, as, when, after, no sooner, because etc.,)

For example

Though he is poor,             he is honest.

Sub-ordinate Clause         Main Clause

Since I got fever,                 I was absent to school.

Sub-ordinate Clause         Main Clause

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Compound Sentence

A compound sentence consists of two or more than two main clauses joined by the coordinate conjunctions. (and, but, yet, still, so, or, therefore, or else etc.,)

For example

I worked hard          and                             I got good marks.

Main clause             Sub-ordinate          Main Clause

                                    Conjunction

My sister did well               but                              she did not get a good job.

Main clause                         Sub-ordinate          Main Clause

                                                Conjunction

 

Rule - 1

1. Combine the Sentences with In spite of, Despite, In spite of that, Though, Although, But, Yet, Still

Simple                                            Complex                               Compound

In spite of/Despite                    Though/Although              but, yet, still

 

For example

In spite of his wealth, he is unhappy. (Simple)

He is wealthy, but he is unhappy. (Complex)

Though he is wealthy, he is unhappy. (Compound)

 

Despite having a headache, he had a great birthday. (Simple)

Although he had a headache, he had a great birthday. (Complex)

He had a headache yet he had a great birthday. (Compound)

Simple                                                                                 Complex                               Compound

Despite / In spite of + the fact (that) + clause        Though/Although             but, yet, still

For Example

Despite/In spite of the fact that I was sick, I worked hard. (simple)

Although I was sick, I worked hard. (Complex)

I was sick but I worked hard. (Compound)

Note: Despite and in spite of have the same meaning, (but we do not use ‘in’ or ‘of’ with despite).

 

Combine the Sentences with In spite of, Despite, In spite of that, Though, Although, But, Yet, Still

1. Nick has no arms and legs. But he can do so many things. (Although)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

2. I called him. He gave me no answer. (Although)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

3. Abel was over seventy. He was Vigrous and well coloured. (Although)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

4. He worked hard. He did not succeed. (In spite of)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

5. He made several efforts. But he failed. (In spite of)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

6. The housewife had a good bath and supper. But she could not sleep. (In spite of)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

7. He is poor. But he is honest. (Though)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

8. He missed the bus. He managed to reach his destination. (Although)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

9. She worked a lot. She did not get the medical seat. (Although)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

4. My room is small. But it is very comfortable. (Yet)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

10. It was raining. But the football team continued their training session.

(In spite of the fact that)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

11. The reviews were very bad. The film was still a box office success. (In spite of)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

12. He had some disadvantages. But he possessed great innate wisdom and a true generosity of spirit. (In spite of)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

Rule - 2

Combine the Sentences with Because of / As / Since / Because / and so / so /      therefore

Simple                                            Complex                                      Compound

Because of                                   As / Since / Because                 and so / so / therefore

For example

Because of his illness, he could not join the meeting. (Simple)

Since he was ill, he could not join the meeting. (Complex)

He was ill, so he could not join the meeting. (Compound)

Combine the Sentences with Because of / As / Since / Because / and so / so /      therefore

1. He had some urgent work. he did not attend the party. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

2. The price of gold is very high. Most of the women want to buy one-gram gold. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

3. Government banned the usage of plastic carry bags. Plastic leads to environmental pollution. (Because)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

4. The old man wants to marry. He is neglected by his daughters. (Because)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

5. the climate is very cool in winter. All people wear woolen clothe. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

6. The pollution is increasing day by day. We have to grow plants more in number. (Since)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

7. Most of the villagers were busy in the fields. I didn't find anyone to carry my luggage. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

8. Savitri was nervous on the sets. She was given a small role of less import. (Since)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

9. Most of the parents are very much interested in English. So, English medium is introduced in schools by the Government. (Since)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

10. Srivastav is a Pilgrim. He visits holy places every year. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

12. He was ill. He could not go to school. (Because)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

13. He worked hard. He secured good marks. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

14. Nick's father was a computer programmer. He taught Nick how to type.  (Since)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

15. He is a salaried person. He can't afford the expenses of his son at IIT. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

16. Victoria is so glad. Her grandpa is not dead. (Because)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

17. Mr. Abel did not wake up. So, the slaters thought that he was dead. (Since)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

18. He was late. He missed the school bus. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

19. People use millets. They are beneficial to health in many ways. (As)

Ans: _______________________________________________________.

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Rule – 3

Combine the Sentences with Too-to / so – that - not / very -therefore / so

 

Simple                               Complex                                             Compound

Too-to                                so-that – cannot / could not        very – therefore / so

For example

He is too weak to walk. (Simple)

He is so weak that he cannot walk. (Complex)

He is very weak therefore he cannot walk. (Compound)

Note: If the verb is in V1, we have to use cannot, if the verb is in V2 we have to use could not

Combine the Sentences with Too-to / so – that - not / very -therefore / so

1. The place was very noisy. they couldn’t hear anything properly. (Too-to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

2. Mohan earns very little. Mohan cannot keep his family in comfort. (Too-to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

3. Radha knows him very well. Radha doesn’t like him. (Too-to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

4. Latha was very anxious about her husband. Latha could not think about anything else. (Too-to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

5. He is very poor. He cannot send his children to school. (Too-to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

6. The puzzle was very difficult. I could not solve it. (so – that – not)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

7. She is very strong. You cannot beat her. (so – that – not)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

8. The room is very small. It cannot accommodate everybody. (so – that – not)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

9. He is very stupid. He will not pass the test. (so – that – not)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

10. We arrived very late. We could not have dinner. (so – that – not)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________.

Rule - 4

Combine the Sentences with Having+V3 / V1+ing / when / After / and

Simple                                   Complex                                         Compound

Having+V3/ V1+ing            When / After                                     and

For example

Having completed his work, he went to movie. (Simple)

After he had completed his work, he went to movie. (Complex)

He had completed his work and he went to movie. (Compound)

Combine the Sentences with Having+V3 / V1+ing / when / After / and

1. He saw the snake. He ran away. (When)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

2. She went to the exhibition. She bought nice handicrafts. (When)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

3. He completed his work. Then he returned home. (When)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

4. She helped me. I was in need. (When)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

5. I'll call you. My mother arrives home. (When)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

6. He saw the snake. He ran away. (After)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

7. She went to the exhibition. She bought nice handicrafts. (After)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

8. He completed his work. Then he returned home. (After)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

9. She helped me. I was in need. (After)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

10. I'll call you. My mother arrives home. (After)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

11. He saw the snake. He ran away. (and)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

12. She went to the exhibition. She bought nice handicrafts. (and)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

13. He completed his work. Then he returned home. (and)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

14. She helped me. I was in need. (and)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

15. I'll call you. My mother arrives home. (and)

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

Rule – 5

Combine the Sentences with in case of / if / and

Simple                                     Complex                                         Compound

In case of                                         If                                                    and

 

For Example

In case of working hard, I will pass. (Simple)

If I work hard, I will pass. (Complex)

I must work hard and I will pass. (Compound)

Combine the following sentences using "In case of".

1. He wants to pass the exam. He has to work harder.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

2. You may meet him. Then please ask him to come over here.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

3. They should work hard. Then they will get good marks.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

4. They have to invite her. She will come.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

5. Obey the rules. Otherwise, you will be punished.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

Combine the following sentences using "if".

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

1. He wants to pass the exam. He has to work harder.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

2. You may meet him. Then please ask him to come over here.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

3. They should work hard. Then they will get good marks.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

4. They have to invite her. She will come.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

5. Obey the rules. Otherwise, you will be punished.

Ans: __________________________________________________________.

Rule – 6

Combine the Sentences with Besides/ In addition to / not only …. but also

 

Simple                                              Complex                               Compound

Besides/ In addition to                as well as                            not only …. but also

 

For Example

Besides playing cricket, Raju plays Chess. (Simple)

Raju plays cricket as well as he plays chess.(Complex)

Raju plays not only cricket but also chess. (Compound)

1. Rani is regular to English class. She is also interested in the language. (Besides)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

2. Sravan is a musician. He is a singer too. (Besides)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

3. She teaches English. She teaches Biology also. (Besides)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

4. Rani is regular to English class. She is also interested in the language. (In addition to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

5. Sravan is a musician. He is a singer too. (In addition to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

6. She teaches English. She teaches Biology also. (In addition to)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

7. Rani is regular to English class. She is also interested in the language.         (not only -------- but also)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

8. Sravan is a musician. He is a singer too. (not only -------- but also)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

9. She teaches English. She teaches Biology also. (not only -------- but also)

Ans: ___________________________________________________________________.

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